Facts about Psoriatic Arthritis
Wondering or worried if you have Psoriatic Arthritis can be upsetting and daunting. This is especially true if you don’t understand or know of the symptoms which may impact on how you live your life today.
With the article below, we have sourced credible information with resource links at the bottom to help you understand this type of arthritis.
Since our website is created around “Hip Pain” causes and remedies or pain relief, there is a connection between Psoriatic Arthritis and your hips.
This is detailed further down the page for your reference.
Please note: This is not an actual medical diagnosis. If in doubt or any pain, we encourage you to see your Medical Health Professional.
It is so important for people who do have psoriasis to let their doctor know immediately if they have any pain or swelling in their joints.
According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Arthritis manifests itself in more than 100 different ways.
Arthritis is a common cause of hip pain and mobility flexibility changes within our bodies. But there are different types of arthritis, including psoriatic arthritis, that may be to blame.
However, the most common types of arthritis include:
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Psoriatic arthritis (inflammatory disease)
Even though osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are more prominent, it is important to know that cases of psoriatic arthritis have more than doubled in recent times.
Close to 150,000 Americans develop psoriasis every year; A disease that ultimately grows into arthritis.
For this particular reason, it is important to demystify the disease and learn about its causes.
What is Psoriatic Arthritis?
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an inflammatory autoimmune disease that affects the joints and skin. An inflammatory disorder that occurs when your body’s immune system begins to attack healthy cells and tissue
In essence, the disease causes the immune system to mistakenly attack healthy cells in the joints, skin and connective tissues, causing great pain and inflammation.
PsA is one of the most common forms of arthritis, and it normally attacks people with psoriasis; a skin condition marked by red, scaly patches.
In most cases, patients develop psoriasis first before they are diagnosed with psoriatic arthritis.
The NIAMS reports states that about one in five people with psoriasis will develop psoriatic arthritis.
The condition usually starts in the small joints several years after the onset of psoriasis.
It can also affect large joints, including the hip!
Psoriatic Arthritis can be classified into 5 different types. These include:
Symmetric psoriatic arthritis
This is the most common type of PsA, accounting for more than 50 percent of all cases. As the name implies, this type of arthritis affects the joints and connective tissues on both sides of the body, concurrently.
Asymmetric psoriatic arthritis
This type of PsA is not as prevalent as the symmetric psoriatic arthritis, as it only accounts for 35 percent of patients with this disease. In addition, the disease is mild and only affects the joints on one side of the body.
Distal psoriatic arthritis
Distal PsA causes inflammation, pain and stiffness on the ends of the toes and the fingertips, subsequently causing physical changes in the fingernails and toenails. Patients may notice visible changes such as white spots, pitting and lifting from the bed of the nails.
This type of psoriatic arthritis causes inflammation and stiffness in the neck and spine as well as the sacroiliac joints. The disease is renowned for its aggressiveness as it can spread relentlessly, leading to severe damage to the spine. Nevertheless, it is not as common as other types of PsA.
This is the most severe form of psoriatic arthritis, yet it only accounts for 5 percent of patients with this condition. The disease is characterized by damage and deformity in the small joints, fingertips and the ends of the toes.
If not treated on time, arthritis mutilans can destroy the aforementioned parts permanently, significantly impairing mobility and functionality of the body.
Is Arthritis Causing Your Hip Pain?
It can be hard to define the difference between bursitis of the hip and psoriatic arthritis (PsA).
In some cases it’s possible for a person to indeed have both.
A hip affected by inflammatory arthritis will feel painful and stiff. There are other symptoms as well which you can check further below.
Signs of Psoriatic Arthritis in Hip Joint
- Pain in the hip joint, which may include pain outer thigh, the groin area, and/or buttocks
- Pain or stiffness, especially when rising in the morning or after resting
- Difficulty walking, or you walk with a limp
- Stiffness and/or a reduced range of mobility
- Swelling in the fingers or toes
- Joint stiffness and restricted movement of hip joint
- Hip Joint Swelling
- Multiple Small Joint Swelling seen in hands and feet
- Joint Temperature, the skin over your hip joint is warm
- Back pain caused by inflammatory joint disease
- Sex can be painful, especially for women with PsA that affects the hips
- Skin Lesions with discolored or silvery scales of skin
- General fatigue
- Obvious changes to the appearance of your nails
What causes Psoriatic Arthritis?
The exact causes of psoriatic arthritis are not known. Scientists believe that a combination of genetic, and environmental factors, plus the foods we eat all play a key role in the development of this disease.
However we can say inflammatory foods are a major cause. PsA causes swelling as do these foods, like fatty red meats, processed sugars, dairy, processed foods, and specific vegetables like tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplants.
Choose fish, like mackerel, tuna, and/or salmon, which all have essential omega-3 fatty acids.
Research indicates that psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis are somehow hereditary and can be passed from one generation to the next.
People who come from families with a history of the disease are more likely to develop the disease.
Infection, injury or exposure to an environmental trigger can bring about PsA. This is much more likely in people with a family history of the disease.
Certain changes in the immune system may also contribute to the development of psoriatic arthritis. For instance, people with HIV often experience a decline in the number of T cells, subsequently aiding the progression of psoriasis and increasing the likelihood of developing arthritis.
Environmental factors also play a role in the development of psoriatic arthritis.
Common triggers associated with the environment include physical trauma, viral or bacterial infections, skin wounds, exposure to cigarette smoke and specific medications.
What effects does it have on the body?
While the causes of psoriatic arthritis might be unknown, the signs and symptoms of this disease are more explicit.
Psoriatic arthritis normally attacks the joints, spine, neck, fingers and toes causing a high degree of inflammation, stiffness and pain.
Patients may have problems walking, running and climbing stairs. In some instances, the disease may spread to the chest wall and lungs, leading to shortness of breath and chest pain.
Basically, psoriatic Arthritis can affect any part of the body, depending on the progression of the disease. In more severe cases, this disease may affect the entire body, resulting in permanent joint and tissue damage.
What age group suffers the most?
According to statistics, psoriatic arthritis equally affects both men and women aged 35 years to 55 years. However, the disease can occur at any age, mostly starting from 9 years and above.
Treatment for Hip Joint Psoriatic Arthritis
Basic Treatment for Psoriatic Arthritis of Hip Joint
- Definitely a lot of rest and restrict your activities for the time being.
- Inflammation is controlled with medications.
- Exercise is always essential. Just monitor your capacity to do what you can without experiencing any further pain. Try Swimming and Yoga.
- Implement heat or cold therapy.
- If you need to use walking cane, or a walker or wheel chair for ambulation and to assist activities, then do so. There’s absolutely no shame in using these apparatus.
This next treatment maybe necessary if you are carrying excess weight. Weight loss will definitely assist with your pain levels and mobility.
There are more SPECIFIC treatment options for you to consider such as medications and surgery.
We recommend you check with your Heath Care Professional about these options.